Why is surveillance important in public health?
Public health surveillance provides the scientific and factual database essential to informed decision making and appropriate public health action.
The key objective of surveillance is to provide information to guide interventions..
What does Disease Surveillance mean?
Disease surveillance is an ongoing process that involves the systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of information regarding the occurrence of diseases in defined populations for public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality.
What are the 3 main types of public health surveillance?
Types of SurveillanceSentinel Surveillance.Accelerated Disease Control – National Active.National Passive.
How does Disease Surveillance protect public health?
Public health surveillance is the continuous process of collection, analysis and interpretation of data, and the subsequent dissemination of this information to policy makers, healthcare and other professionals. Communicable disease surveillance produces timely information for action.
What are the 5 steps of surveillance?
But surveillance involves carrying out many integrated steps by many people:Reporting. Someone has to record the data. … Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. … Data analysis. … Judgment and action.
What is public health surveillance and why is it important?
Surveillance systems generate data that help public health officials understand existing and emerging infectious and non-infectious diseases. Without a proper understanding of the health problem (etiology, distribution, and mechanism of infection), it will be difficult to ameliorate the health issue.